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寒假作业二作业部分(英语)
发布时间:2019-08-26
 

一:英语单词部分

外研版高中英语单词表必修一(4-6)


M4

survey调查n                   neighbourhood四邻;街坊n

local地方的;局部的adj        suburb城郊;郊区n

hometown家乡n                attractive有吸引力的;吸引人的adj

fortunate幸运的;吉祥的adj     pretty很;相当adv

sound听起来vi                  tourist旅游者;观光客n

bother打扰;烦扰;麻烦vi      nuisance令人讨厌的人或事n

rent租金n                      district地域;区域;行政区n

approach接近vt                 harbour海港n

gorgeous美丽的;宜人的adj     architecture建筑n

starve饿死vi                    park停车vt

traffic交通n                    committee委员会n

organisation组n                unemployed失业的;没有工作的adj

household家属;家人n         occupation职业n

professional专业的adj           manual用手的;手的adj

employment就业;工作;职业n  gallery美术馆;画廊n

exchange交换vt                fascinating吸引人的;迷人的adj

afford买得起;有能力支付vt    survive死里逃生;大难不死vi

contact联络;联系(某人)vt

put  up修建                  so  far 到目前为止

up to now 到目前为止          till now 到目前为止

get  away from摆脱          a great many 许多;大量

a number of 许多;大量        go  up上升

M5

liquid液体n                  expand膨胀vi

contract收缩vi              substance物质n

mixture混合物n              oxygen氧气n

electricity电n                stage阶段n

conclusion结论n             aim目标;目的n

reaction反应n               electrical与电有关的;用电的adj

equipment设备;装备n      react(化学)反应vi

potassium钾n                sodium钠n

calcium钙n                 magnesium镁n

aluminium铝n               zinc锌n

partial局部的;部分的adj    copper铜n

oxide氧化物n               rust生锈vi

boil煮;煮沸vt              ordinary普通的;平常的adj

steam蒸汽;水汽n         float漂浮vi

form形成vi                 dissolve溶解;分离;分解vi

balance天平n               crucible坩埚n

tongs(复)夹子;小钳子n   flame火焰n

facility(常作复数)设备;工具n    lecture演讲n

department(大学的)科、系n      astonished吃惊的;惊愕的adj

add…to…往……加入……     used to 过去(常常)……

in the area of 在……领域       be proud of 为……感到骄傲

be supposed of应当;理应

M6

contain包含;包括vt          access接近;通路n

crash(计算机)崩溃vi        keyword密码;口令n

log记录;登录vt              software软件n

breakdown故障n              source来源;出处n

accessible可进入的;可使用的adj      data(复)数据n

defence保护;防卫n               create创造;发明vt

network网络n                   via途径;经由prep

percentage百分数;百分率n     design设计vt

document文件n                invention发明n

permission许可n               military军事的;军队的

concentrate集中(注意力、思想等)vi  definite明确的adj

fantastic极好的;美妙的adj     independent独立的adj

essay文章n                   pass超过vt

frequently时常;经常adv      disadvantage弊端;缺点n

average平均的adj              statistics(复)统计数字n

shorten缩短vt                 sideways横着地;斜着地adv

consist of 由……组成         as well 也

become known as作为……而出名;被称为……;叫作……

go down 下降                come up with 提出

from that momenton 从那时起

concentrate  on聚精会神;集中思想

compared with ……相比

 

二:单词拼写

Module 4

1. Our school ________ (组织) a party to welcome the new students.

2. Many African people die of __________ (饥饿) because of drought.

3. Many people come to visit the ________(吸引人的) West Lake all the year round.

4. Luckily enough, he is one of the _________(幸存者) of the earthquake.

5. ________(幸运地) enough, he was admitted to a key university.

6. Almost 50% of those ______(调查) said they supported the president’s decision

7. His father was so poor that he couldn’t _______(买得起) so many sweets.

8. With the final examination __________(接近), we are feeling more and more nervous.

9. I saw some great ________(建筑) on the trip.

10. He lives in the _______(郊区) of Beijing and works in the city.

Module 5

1. It’s very important for man to keep the ___________ (天平)of nature.

2. The members of the club discussed the problem for a whole afternoon, but they didn’t come to any ______________ (结论).

3. All of our family were _______________ (惊愕的) to see my cousin seriously hurt in the match.

4. As is well known, metal ___________ (收缩)as it is cooled .

5. In my grandmother’s time it was quite out of ____________ (普通的,平常的)for a woman to go to university.

6. How did your mother ____________  (反应)to the news?

7. The soldiers were __________ (装备)with the latest weapons.

8. A plan began to ___________ (形成)in his mind.

9. It’s better to drink __________ (开了的) water .

10. What is your _________ (目标) in life?

三:阅读理解

Advice to “sleep on it” could be well founded, scientists say. After a good night’s sleep a problem that seemed impossible to solve the night before can often appear easier, although no evidence has proved this by now. But researchers at the University of Luebek in Germany have designed an experiment that shows a good night’s sleep can improve insight(洞察力and problem-solving. “If you have some newly acquired memories in your brain, sleep acts on these memories, restructures(重构)them, so that after sleep the insight into a problem which you could not solve before increases,” said Dr. Jan Bom, a neuroscientist, at the university. To test the theory, they taught volunteers two simple rules to help them put a string of numbers into a new order. There was also a third, hidden rule, which could help them increase their speed in solving the problem. The researchers divided the volunteers into two groups, half were allowed to sleep after the training while the remainders were forced to stay awake. Bom and his team noticed that the group that had slept after the training were twice as likely to figure out the third rule as the other group. “Sleep helped,” Bom said in a telephone interview. “The important thing is that you have to have a memory representation in your brain of the problem you want to solve and then you sleep, so it can act on the problem.” But Bom admitted that he and his team don’t know how restructuring of memories occurs or what governs it or in which stage of sleep it works. Pierre Marquette and Pierre Ruby of the University of Liege in Belgium said the experimental evidence supports the suggestions that sleep can promote creative thinking. Although the role of sleep in human creativity will still be a mystery, the research gives people good reason to fully respect their periods of sleep, they added.

36.The underlined phrase “sleep on it” in the first line probably means _____.

A.to put something aside to be solved until the next day

B.to get as much sleep as possible

C.to go on sleeping without being disturbed

D.to sleep till you get up the next morning


37.Jan Bom and his team carried out the experiment through _____

A.comparisonB. interviewC. surveyD. imagination


38.It can be inferred from the passage that _____.

A.people should sleep so long as they have time

B.sleep is the only way to solve hard problems

C.people have various periods of sleep

D.people know how sleep restructures memories


39.What would be the best title for the passage?

A.How Sleep WorksB. Sleep Helps Solve Problems

C.No Evidence, But Well FoundedD. Bom’s Discovery On Sleep


40.Where is the passage most likely to have been taken from?

A.A science fiction.B. A book review.

C.An advertisement.D. A newspaper.



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